National Education Day 2021: Education Minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Five Interesting Facts About India’s First

National Education Day 2021,Maulana Abul Kalam Azad,

National Education Day 2021: Education Minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
National Education Day 2021: Education Minister Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Every year since 2008, 11 November is celebrated as National Education Day to mark the birth anniversary of India's first education minister, Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. Popularly known as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, he served as the Education Minister of independent India for 10 years from 1947 to 1958. He was posthumously awarded India's highest civilian award - Bharat Ratna in 1992.

Apart from holding the post of Education Minister of India, Abul Kalam Azad donned many hats of being a journalist, freedom fighter, politician and educationist. Here are five lesser known facts about the late education minister who changed India's education system.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Saudi Arabia

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. His mother was an Arab and the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zahir Watri and Azad's father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin who had come to Arabia during the Sepoy Mutiny and went to Mecca and settled there. He came back to Calcutta with his family in 1890 when Abul Kalam was two years old.


Abul Kalam was homeschooled and knew many languages

Azad received traditional Islamic education. They were taught at home, first by their father and later by appointed teachers who were reputed in their respective fields. Azad first learned Arabic and Persian and then learned philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. He also learned English, world history and politics through self-study. Azad knew Hindustani, Hindi and also English languages.


Launched two weekly magazines - Al-Hilal and Al-Balag to promote Hindu-Muslim unity

In 1912, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started a weekly magazine in Urdu, Al-Hilal, to promote revolutionary recruits among Muslims. Al-Hilal was instrumental in building Hindu-Muslim unity after the bad blood between the two communities following the Morley-Minto reforms. Al-Hilal became a revolutionary mouthpiece fueling extremist ideas. The government considered al-Hilal to be a propagator of separatist ideas and banned it in 1914.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started another weekly called Al-Balag with the same mission of propagating Indian nationalism and revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1916, the government banned this letter as well and expelled Maulana Abul Kalam Azad from Calcutta and exiled him to Bihar, from where he was released after the First World War 1920.


Youngest person to serve as President of Indian National Congress

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad supported the non-cooperation movement started by Gandhiji and entered the Indian National Congress in 1920. He was elected as the President of the Special Session of the Congress in Delhi (1923). At the age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress.

Maulana Azad was arrested in 1930 for violating salt laws as part of Gandhi's Salt Satyagraha. He was kept in Meerut jail for one and a half years. After his release, he again became the President of the Congress in 1940 (Ramgarh) and remained in this position till 1946.


Founder of Jamia Millia Islamia University

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the founding members of Jamia Millia Islamia University, which was originally established in 1920 at Aligarh in the United Provinces of India.

He is responsible for shaping the modern education system of the country. The first IITs, IISc, School of Planning and Architecture and University Grants Commission were established during his tenure as Education Minister. Most prominent cultural, literary academies including Sangeet Natak Akademi, Lalit Kala Akademi, Sahitya Akademi as well as Indian Council for Cultural Relations were also created.


The revolutionary had many wise words for our teachers and students, we look at some of them today on his birth anniversary:

1. "Let us not forget even for a moment, it is the birthright of every person to get at least basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen."

2. "He who is not influenced by music is mindless and restless; far from spiritual and denser than birds and animals because everyone is influenced by melodious sounds."

3. "Academics should inculcate and idealize the capacity of inquiry, creativity, entrepreneurial spirit and spirit of moral leadership among the students."

4. "Climbing to the top requires strength, whether it's to the top of Mount Everest or the top of your career."

5. "Science is neutral. Its discoveries can be used to cure and kill equally. It depends on the attitude and mindset of the user whether science will be used to create a new heaven on earth or To destroy the world in a common fire."

6. "No program of national education can be suitable unless it pays full attention to the education and advancement of one half of the society i.e. women."

"Art is the education of the feelings and thus is indeed an essential element in any scheme of national education. Education, whether at the secondary level or at the university level, cannot be considered complete so long as it imparts to our faculties a sense of beauty. Doesn't train for cognition."

7. "Be more dedicated to making tangible achievements than to running after a fast but synthetic pleasure."

8. "You have to dream before your dreams come true."

9. "To be successful in your mission, you must be focused on your goal."