Happy Gandhi Jayanti 2020: Why Gandhi Jayanti is Celebrated? History behind Gandhi Jayanti National Holiday


Gandhi Jayanti 2020: Mahatma Gandhi is known as Father of the Nation and to remember his birthday Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2 October every year. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated across the country and it is one of the national holidays. Avail of the information on Gandhi Jayanti 2020, Gandhi Jayanti 2020 Day in upcoming years from this article.

Gandhi Jayanti 2020

Gandhi Jayanti is observed on 2 October every year. Gandhi Jayanti 2020 is a national holiday in India as the day is to honour the birthday of the Father of the nation. India celebrates the 151st birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi this year. Gandhi Jayanti is observed in all the States and Union Territories (UT) of India as one of the three officials declared National Holidays of India.

On 15th June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced that 2nd October will be observed as the International Day of Non-Violence. Gandhi was a preacher of non-violence. Gandhi is a symbol of peace and truth.

Gandhi Jayanti 2020 Date, Day

Date: 2 October 2020

Day: Friday

Holiday: Gandhi Jayanti

States: Across the country

List of other Public and Government Holidays October 2020

DateHoliday
15 October 2020Bathukamma Starting Day
17 October 2020Maharaja Agrasen Jayanti
22 October 2020Maha Saptami
24 October 2020Durga Ashtami/Durga Navami
29 October 2020Mawlid
31 October 2020Sardar Patel’s Birthday/Lakshmi Puja/Maharishi Valmiki Birthday

Gandhi Jayanti Days in upcoming years:

This year Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2 October 2020. 

2021: Gandhi Jayanti will be celebrated on 2 October 2021 (Saturday)

2022: Gandhi Jayanti will be celebrated on 2 October 2022 (Sunday)

2023: Ganesh Jayanti will be celebrated on 2 October 2023 (Monday)

2024: Gandhi Jayanti will be celebrated on 2 October 2024 (Wednesday)

2025:Gandhi Jayanti will be celebrated on 2 October 2025 (Thursday)

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. He studied law in the United Kingdom (UK) and practiced law in South Africa. He was a political & spiritual leader in India. He played a major role in the Indian independence movement. Throughout his life, he set an example of simple living and high thinking. He worked for the betterment of poor people in India. He was a pioneer of non-violence and truth. Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagraha (non-violence) movement for the Indian freedom struggle. 

Mahatma Gandhi played a very significant role in achieving independence for India from British rule. He proved to the world that freedom can be achieved through the path of total non-violence. His ideologies of Satyagraha and non-violence have been guiding the entire world till now. India finally gained its freedom on 15th August 1947, through Gandhi's efforts. He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Godse. The nation mourned for him sadly.

On 6th July 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhi as "The Father of the Nation" and on 28 April 1947, Sarojini Naidu during a conference also referred Gandhi as "Father of the Nation." It is essential that one should understand that some important events in Gandhi's life not only changed the course of his life but also the course of India. Few such events are listed below:

  • 1913 - Gandhi's activism and arrest in South Africa
  • 1917 - Gandhi established Sabarmati Ashram
  • 1920-1922 - Non-Cooperation Movement
  • 1921 - Gandhi was given exclusive authority over the Indian National Congress
  • 1930 - Salt (Dandi) March 
  • 1942 - Quit India Movement
  • 1947 - British Declared Indian Independence

Major Ideologies of Gandhi are:

  • Truth and nonviolence
  • Satyagraha
  • Sarvodaya (Universal Uplift)
  • Swaraj
  • Trusteeship
  • Swadeshi

Some of the books written by Mahatma Gandhi are:

  • The Story of My Experiments with Truth
  • Hind Swaraj
  • The Moral Basis of Vegetarianism
  • The Essential Gandhi: An Anthology of His Writings on His Life, Work, and Ideas
  • Peace: The Words and Inspiration of Mahatma Gandhi (Me-We)
  • Mohandas Gandhi: Essential Writings

How is Gandhi Jayanthi Celebrated?

On this day, people from across the world gather at their respective towns and cities to remember Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution to the freedom struggle of India. On this days special functions are organized in schools, other educational institutions and communities organize functions. Despite caste, religion and lifestyle, people gather together to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti. Several commemorative activities and cultural events are held at several places where special prayer and get-together are organized.

Mahatma Gandhi's birthday is celebrated across India and the world. The events include:

  • People offer prayers, commemorative ceremonies, and tributes at several locations all over India.
  • Other events like art exhibitions and essay competitions are hosted
  • Awards are presented to projects stimulating a non-violent way of life.
  • On this special day, people show films and book readings on Mahatma Gandhi's life and achievements.
  • Flowers and flower garlands are placed on many statues of Mahatma Gandhi throughout India. 
  • Apart from this, some people avoid eating meat or drinking alcohol on this day.

Gandhi - Interesting Facts

The Mother tongue of Mahatma Gandhi was Gujarati.

Gandhi was the youngest child of his parents. He had 2 brothers and 1 sister.

Gandhiji did his schooling from Alfred High School, Rajkot.

Mahadev Desai was Gandhi’s personal secretary.

Gandhi spoke English like an Irishman. This is because one of his first English teachers was from Ireland.

Famous author Leo Tolstoy and Gandhi interacted with each other through letters.

Gandhi established a small colony, Tolstoy Farm at an 1100 acre site. It was located 21 miles from Johannesburg, South Africa for his colleagues in the Satyagraha struggle.

Gandhi fought not only for Independence but also demanded fair treatment for the untouchables, lower caste. He has done several fasts in support of them. He called untouchables as Harijans meaning "children of God".

In 1982, "Gandhi," an epic historical drama film based on Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi won the Academic Award for the best motion picture.

In 1930, Time Magazine named him "Man of the Year". 

Mahatma Gandhi was nominated 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize.

During World War II, Gandhi wrote a letter to Hitler, addressing him as "Dear Friend". Gandhi beseeched him to stop the war and Hitler never wrote back.

British released a stamp honouring Gandhi, 21 years after his death.

Gandhiji was not born with the title 'Mahatma'. Nobel Prize-winning Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore gave the title of Mahatma to Gandhi.

When Jawaharlal Nehru gave a tryst of destiny speech to celebrate independence, Gandhi was not present.

Gandhi was assassinated by Godse in the garden of the former Birla House.

The funeral procession of Mahatma Gandhi was 8 kilometres long.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued "The Gandhi series banknotes" by displaying a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi since its introduction in 1996.

In 1959, the Gandhi Memorial Museum was established at Madurai in Tamil Nadu, India. It is also known as the Gandhi Museum.

Mahatma Gandhi's Famous Quotes

You must be the change you wish to see in the world.

An eye for eye only ends up making the whole world blind.

Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.

Where there is love there is life

Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever.

In a gentle way, you can shake the world.

If you don't ask, you don't get it.

The future depends on what we do in the present.

Action expresses priorities.

The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.

Hate the sin, love the sinner.

Nobody can hurt me without my permission.

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